Talahassee (Talahassee) [ttlhæsi]) is a city located in the northwestern part of Florida, the United States of America. It is the capital of the state and an academic city with Florida State University and Florida A&M University on campus. The population is 181,376 (2010 census), the seventh largest in the state. The population of the metropolitan area, which spans four counties, is 367,413 people (the 2010 census), centering on Leon County, which has a county office in Talahasi. The city name Tarahasi is derived from the native American word of the Muskogi language, which means "old town."
City of Tallahassee
|Slogan: Florida's Capital City|
Upper right: Location of Leon County in Florida
Lower left: Towns in Talahasi County
Tarahasi, United States
|City||268.1 km2 (103.5 mi2)|
|land||259.8 km2 (100.3 mi2)|
|water surface||8.3 km2 (3.2 mi2)|
|Elevation||62 m (203 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||698.1 people/km2 (1,808.3 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-5)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-4)|
|Official website: http://www.talgov.com/|
The Native American Appalachians settled on the Lake Jackson's shore in the northern part of the city, and became the cultural and religious center in the years before Europeans settled in North America. Today, the whole area is designated as Lake Jackson Mound Archeological State Park, and a mound that is thought to have been built by the Appalachians for worship is preserved.
Then in 1565, a Spanish settled in the Florida Peninsula and built St. Augustine on the east coast. In 1633, Mission San Luis de Appalaci, a Spanish settler missionary, was built on the site, and a village was built where the Appalaci people and the Spanish settlers live together. However, in 1704, when England invaded this place during the War of Queen Ann, the Appalaci and the Spanish settlers chose to burn down the village and flee instead of handing over the place, and ran away to St. Augustine. Some 800 of the Appalachians fled to Mobil, which was then French, in the opposite direction from St. Augustine.
More than a century later, in 1821, when the Treaty of Adams-Onis was ratified and Florida was ceded from Spain to the United States of America, Florida, which had been divided into East Florida and West Florida since the Paris Convention was signed in 1763, was incorporated into the United States of America as a unified Florida quasi-state. After the Semi-State Council was held once each in Pensacola, the capital of West Florida, and once in St. Augustine, the capital of East Florida, a resolution was made to open the Semi-State Council in the middle of the two cities, and in 1824, Talahasi was established to become the capital of the Florida Quasi-State, and a Quasi-State Council Hall of Marutage was built.
Eventually, immigrants began to live in and around the town of Taraha, and houses, churches and schools were built. Some of the early immigrants were Joachan Mula, King of Naples, and Acyl Mula, the son of Caroline Bonaparte, Queen, and nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. After his father, Joachim, was ousted and executed, Acyl abandoned the right to succeed the throne and exiled herself to Florida, and obtained a place of refuge in a plantation on the outskirts of Talahassee. The transportation around Taraha City was also organized, for example, the Federal Government budget was set up to provide the Basha Road connecting Pensacola, Talaha Sea and St. Augustine, and in 1836 a railroad was set up to connect Taraha Sea and St. Marks, which was a foreign port. In 1843, Florida Girls' School, one of the predecessors of Florida State University, opened. In 1845, the Florida Territory was promoted to the state, and Tarahasi became the capital of Florida. Almost at the same time, the Greek Revival style State Capitol, which had been constructed as a quasi-state capitol, was completed.
Prior to the Civil War, Talahissi was at the center of the Cotton Belt and the center of slave trade. During the Civil War, the Northern Camp never occupied the area until the end of the war. In the Natural Bridge Battle at the Natural Bridge on the St. Marks River in the southern suburb of March 1865, at the end of the Civil War, the Southern Army stopped the Northern Army from crossing the Natural Bridge and invading Tarahasi, and successfully defended the capital of the province. After the Civil War ended, the production of cotton and tobacco, which had been a major industry in the state and had been dependent on cheap labor under slavery, declined and replaced it with production and tourism of citrus, wood, processed products of pine resin, and beef. As a result, the state industry and population moved to the Florida Peninsula. The plantations around Tarahisi were bought by the wealthy in the north, mainly for the winter hunting grounds.
In the 20th century, in contrast to the Florida Peninsula, where the number of tourists was rapidly increasing due to the presence of the railroad and beach that Henry Fuller laid on, Talahasi was a small town in the south, in which most of the city's population was settled within a mile (1.6 km) from the state capitol, which was the core of the local economy for state government and universities. In the 1960s, a move to move the capital of the state to Orlando near the center of the Florida Peninsula, which has grown to a high level. In the 1970s, the move was halted when the construction of a new office building for the state assembly hall, which had been a long-held promise, was decided. The 22-story new building was completed next to the Old State Capitol in 1977. The former building was later converted to a museum in 1983.
west longitude. Located in the northwestern part of Florida, it is about 270km west from Jacksonville, about 400km south from Atlanta and about 30km south from the border with Georgia. From the Gulf of Mexico it is located about 45km inland.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Tallahassee City has a total area of 268.1km2 (103.5mi2). Of them, 259.8km2 (100.3mi2) is land and 8.3km2 (17.0mi2) is the water area. The area accounts for 3.2% of the total area. In Florida, where the city area has a lot of flat land, the area is covered with undulations and there is a big difference in elevation depending on the location. The Florida State Capitol stands on top of the highest hill in the city, over a height of over 60 meters, and stands about 30 meters above sea level in Cascade Park, just 400m east of it. The campus of Florida State University is located on the west slope of the downtown area, and its altitude is about 20-50m, which is a difference in the campus. At the Tarajashi area airport in the southwestern part of the city, the altitude is 25 meters, and in the southern part of the city, the altitude is about 10-20m.
The vegetation of Taraha Sea resembles that of low-lying areas of North Carolina and South Carolina, and there are many Palmetto, pine, magnolia and oaks (especially southern live oaks).
|Rain and Temperature (Description)|
The climate of Tarahasi belongs to the warm wet climate (Cfa) which is distributed widely on the east coast and the south of the United States in the Keppen Region, but in fact it is a subtropical climate characterized by hot and humid summer and warm and comfortable winter. The hottest July average temperature is 28°C, the highest average is 33°C, with most days in the month above 30°C. The coldest January average temperature is 11°C, the average minimum temperature is 4°C, and the minimum temperature sometimes falls below freezing. Although the dry seasons are weak in the spring and autumn, the amount of rainfall is almost constant throughout the year, and the amount reaches 100-150mm per month, 80-90mm per April-May and November, 180-200mm per month, per June-August and 1,500mm per year. Snow in winter is very rare.
|Mean Temperature (°C)||10.7||12.6||15.8||18.9||23.5||26.8||27.8||27.7||25.7||20.8||15.7||11.8||19.8|
City Overview and Architecture
As mentioned above, Talahathy is a rugged terrain, but the downtown streets, centered on the Florida State Capitol, are relatively well-defined. The east-west street is divided into east (E) and west (W), with Adams Street as the border, and the most important north-south street is Monroe Street, one block east of Adams Street, and in front of the State Council. The north-south street is divided into the north (N) and the south (S), bordering Park Avenue.
The tallest building in the city is the Florida State Capitol, with 22 stories (the third basement level) and a height of 105m. The Florida State Capitol has a center of state, county and city government departments. The Florida Supreme Court stands to the west of the Capitol, across Duval Street, the Tallahassee City Hall stands to the northwest of Pensacola Street, and the Leon County Court stands to the northeast of Monroe Street.
Tarahasi has a City manager system. The City Manager is the chief executive officer of the city and will be elected by the mayor. On the other hand, the mayor is the head of the city assembly, a city legislative body, and plays a role as a ritualistic person in the city. The city assembly consists of four members, and one member is selected from the four-part electoral districts. The term of office of both the mayor and the city councilors is four years, but every two years, half of the city councilors are newly elected.
Plan to merge cities and counties with Leon County
The plan to merge the cities and counties of Tarahasi and Leon County was voted for by the residents in the past four times (1968, 1973, 1976, and 1992), but both of them were rejected.
The supporters of the merger claim that some of the administrative organs of Talahathy and Leon County, such as fire and emergency medicine, have already been integrated and that by promoting the consolidation of other departments including the police, the double administration of the county and the city will be eliminated, and the waste will be saved, thereby stimulating the local economy. Meanwhile, Richard Feycock, a professor of administration at Korai University and Florida State University, says there is no visible relationship between the merger and the local economy.
When the city and county merger was realized, the whole Leon County became the city area of Talahasi and the area became 1,728km2. The population is 275,487 (converted from the 2010 census), the fourth largest city in the state after Jacksonville, Miami and Tampa.
In a 2013 report by Morgan Quitno, Talahathy was reported to be the 81st most dangerous city among more than 75,000 cities across the United States. Compared to other major cities in Florida, it is better than Miami and Orlando and worse than Jacksonville, Tampa and St. Petersburg.
The Tallahassee Police, which protects the security of Talahassee, was established in 1841 and has the fourth longest history in the United States following the Philadelphia City Police (1758), the Richmond City Police (1807) and the Boston City Police (1838).
The airport, which serves as the gateway to Taraha Sea, is located about 7 km southwest of downtown Taraha City's regional airport IATA: TLH). American Airlines makes flights from Dallas Fort Worth and Miami, and Delta makes flights from Atlanta.
The interstate expressway I-10 runs east-west through the northern part of the city. I-10 is a trunk line that crosses the continent from the Los Angeles metropolitan area to Jacksonville, through the southernmost part of the United States. In the western, southern, and eastern parts of the city, the Capital Circle, a circular path, which is a common road, runs along with the I-10 to surround the city center. The loop runs in the southwestern part of Tarahisi District Airport.
Amtrack's station, located in the southwest of the downtown, near the campus of Florida A&M University, runs through the southernmost part of the United States in almost parallel with I-10, and the long-distance train Sunset Limited, crossing the continent, stopped at East and West for three trains a week. However, since Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita landed on the Gulf of Mexico one after another in 2005 and also caused damage to the tracks that were passing through the southeast of Louisiana and the southern part of Mississippi, the operation was suspended indefinitely beyond New Orleans, leaving no Amtrak trains that would stop at Tarajashi.
The Greyhound bus terminal is downtown, with buses bound for Jacksonville, Tampa, Orlando and Atlanta, Mobil and Montgomery.
Florida State University has a 474.5 acre (1,920,000m2) campus west of the downtown. Along with Florida University in Gainesville, the school is one of the 12 Florida State University System. The school was founded in 1843 by Tarahisi Women's School, and in 1851 by the governor of the prefecture, West Florida School. In 1858, the West Florida School absorbed Tarahasey Women's School and transformed it into a coeducational system, and in 1901, it was transformed into a university as Florida State College. Later, in 1905, a male student was transferred to Florida University to become a Florida Women's University, but in 1947, a male and a female student were re-integrated to give higher education opportunities to demobilized from World War II, and the school became the present name. As of 2013, the school has 15 faculties, including liberal arts, management, communication and information science, criminology, pedagogy, engineering, film, human science, law, medicine, music, nursing, social science, social welfare, art and theater and dance, and has about 32,000 undergraduate and 8,000 graduate students (including law school medical schools). The National Institute of High Magnetic Fields is also owned by the university. The university is ranked among the top 100 universities in the U.S. News & World Report. Seminoles, a sports team of the same school, belong to the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) of NCAA Division I (FBS/Former I-A in football) and compete in eight men's and ten women's events. Especially in football, it gained power under the great general Bobby Boden from the late 1970s and developed into one of the largest national high schools, building a competitive relationship with Florida University and Miami University, and won three national titles in 1993, 1999, and 2013.
Florida A&M University, a 422-acre campus (1,700,000m2) south-west of downtown and south-east of Florida State University, was founded in 1887 and is a part of the Florida State University System, just like Florida State University. The school is a former Black University, and 90% of about 12,000 students are African-related even today, when they have been co-educated. It has 13 departments: Agriculture, Education, Engineering (in cooperation with Florida State University), Law, Pharmacy, Human and Social Science, Science, Comprehensive Health Science, Architecture, Business Administration, Environmental Science, Journalism, and Nursing. The school's sports team, Rutlers, belongs to the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) of NCAA Division I (football is FCS/former I-AA), which consists of 13 former black universities in the south of the Atlantic coast, and compete for eight boys and eight girls.
The K-12 program in Talahasi is supported mainly by public schools under the jurisdiction of Leon County School District. The school district has 26 elementary schools (one elementary and junior high and junior high school in 1946), nine middle schools, six high schools, seven alternative schools, and four charter schools, and has about 33,000 children and students.
Culture and Places of Scenic Beauty
The Florida State Capitol is not only the center of state politics, but also one of the most famous places in Talahathy. The top floor and the 22nd floor of the State Council Hall are observation decks and galleries, and are open for free. Also, the Old State Council Hall in front of the State Council Hall is a museum as mentioned above. It permanently exhibits the history of Florida from the prehistoric period to the colonial period, the Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, the acceptance of Cuban immigrants during the Cold War, and the presidential election in 2000, as well as the history of successive state governors, the natural environment of the state, and the development of the state. In addition, the Governor's Office in the Museum, the House of Representatives of both Upper and Lower Houses of the State Council and the Supreme Court of the State were restored to their original positions in the early 20th century, and the exhibition room itself is an exhibition object.
The Florida History Museum is located two blocks west of the State Capitol. The museum permanently exhibits Florida during the Civil War, Florida during the World War II, and successive United States naval ships named "Florida." In addition, a new permanent exhibition corner called 'La Florida' was being opened, and the first term was opened in March 2012.
Other famous spots in the city include the Carnegie Library located on the campus of Florida A&M University, the Museum of Black Documents and Research Center in the Southeast where historical materials about African Americans are stored and displayed, and the Railroad Square, located just south of Amtrack Station, with over 50 studios, galleries, and stores concentrated in the art area of Talahasi. Just under the interchange between I-10 and National Route 90 in the northeast, there is the Tarahisi Automobile Museum, which exhibits unusual vehicles and parts, including Batmobil actually used in the "Batman" series of movies, mainly old cars that count over 130.
There are some outdoor museums in the periphery and suburbs. Located in the southwestern city of Taraha, near the Taraha Regional Airport, the Tara Hashi Museum has 52 acres (210,000m2) of land, and is an outdoor museum that reproduces the villages and farms of Florida in the middle of the 19th century, and a zoo that breeds and exhibits animals in Florida. Mission San Luis de Appalaci, the first Spanish Missionary Church in the area, has been restored and has become a museum that exhibits Spanish colonial events and works of art. One of the plantations purchased by the wealthy class in northern Japan after the Civil War, Goodwood Plantation preserves both houses and gardens, houses are museums that tell the lives of farmers, and gardens are botanical gardens with various flowers throughout the year.
There is a spring water called Wakra Springs which rises about 20km south from downtown Tarahasi, and in Wakra County, the whole area is designated as Edward Ball Wakra Springs State Park and preserved. Alligators and manatees live on the Wakra River starting from this spring, and visitors can see them from the glass boat.
The population of each of the counties that form the urban area of Taraha is as follows (National Census of 2010).
- Tarahassee metropolitan area
urban population transition
Below is a graph and chart showing the population transition from 1860 to 2010 in Tallahassee City.
Taraha has established sister-city ties with the following six cities.
- Krasnodar (Russia)
- Conongo (Ghana)
- Sint Marten (Netherlands Kingdom)
- Sligo, Ireland
- Ramatha Sharon, Israel
- Jogao City (Jiangsu Province, China)
- ^ a b c American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011. Read April 5, 2011.
- ^ Name Origins of Florida Places. Division of Historical Resources, Florida Department of State. Read on October 1, 2014.
- ^ Home Archived April 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine... Lake Jackson Mounds Archaelogical State Park, Division of Recreation and Parks, State of Florida. Read on October 9, 2014.
- ^ History and Archaeology of Mission San Luis. pp.3-4. Friends of Mission San Luis. Read on October 9, 2014.
- ^ History and Archaeology of Mission San Luis. p.10. Friends of Mission San Luis. Read on October 9, 2014.
- ^ Florida Becomes a Territory. Floripedia. College of Education, University of South Florida. 2005 Viewed on October 5, 2014.
- ^ a b Talajase Beacons the Capital. Floripedia. College of Education, University of South Florida. 2005 Viewed on October 5, 2014.
- ^ Gannon, Michael V. Florida: A Short History. Board of Regents, State of Florida. 1993 ISBN 0-8130-1167-1.
- ^ a b History. Florida State University. Read on October 13, 2014.
- ^ Smith, Julia Floyd. Slavery and Plantation Growth in Antebellum, Florida, 1821-1860. University Press of Florida. 1973 ISBN 978-0813003238.
- ^ The Battle of Natural Bridge. Civil War Trust. Read on October 13, 2014.
- ^ About the Historic Capitol. Florida Historic Capitol Museum. Read on October 13, 2014.
- ^ a b Historical Weather for Thalassee, Florida, United States of America. Weatherbase.com. Read on October 13, 2014.
- ^ a b State Capitol Tower. Emporis. Viewed on October 14, 2014.
- ^ Feiock, Richard C., et al. City County Consolidation Efforts: Selective Incentives and Institutional Choice. pp.22-24. Florida State University. 2006 Read on October 17, 2014.
- ^ City Crime Rate Rankings. CQ Press. 2013 Read on October 18, 2014.
- ^ Tallahassee Rgnl. (Form 5010) Airport Master Record. Federal Aviation Administration. September 18, 2014. Read on October 15, 2014.
- ^ Sunset Limited. Amtrak. June 9, 2014. Viewed on August 30, 2014.
- ^ a b Fall 2013 Fact Sheet. Florida State Uniersity. Read on October 19, 2014.
- ^ Best Colleges 2014: National University Rankings. p.9. U.S. News & World Report. 2013 Read on October 19, 2014.
It ranked ninety-fifth in the 2014 edition (issued in 2013).
- ^ Overview. Florida A&M University. Read on October 19, 2014.
- ^ Colleges & Schools. Florida A&M University. Read on October 19, 2014.
- ^ Permanent Exhibits. Florida Historic Capitol Museum. Viewed on October 23, 2014.
- ^ Permanent Exhibits. Museum of Florida History. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Museum Holding. The Black Archives Research Center, Florida A&M Universiry. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Home. Railroad Square Art Park. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Automobiles. Tallahassee Automobile Museum. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Batmobiles. Tallahassee Automobile Museum. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ About Us, Old Florida, Big Bend Farm, Natural Florida, Wildlife Florida. Tallahassee Museum. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Visitor Information. Friends of Mission San Luis. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Home, Museum, Gardens. Goodwood Museum and Gardens. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Activities. Edward Ball Wakulla Springs State Park, Division of Recreation and Parks, State of Florida. Read on October 26, 2014.
- ^ Tallahassee, Florida. Interactive Map. Sister Cities International. Read on September 27, 2014.
- Hare, Julianne. Tallahassee: a capital city history. Arcadia Publishing. 2002
- Tebeau, Charlton, W. A History of Florida. Coral Gables: University of Miami Press. 1971
- Williams, John Lee. Journal of an Expedition to the Interior of West Florida October-November 1823. Tallahassee: Manuscript on file at the State Library of Florida, Florida Collection.
- City of Tallahassee - Official City Site
- The Local Conservation District - Information on Natural Resources, and Panoramic Tours
- The Tallahassee Democrat Newspaper
- Mission San Luis
- Ochlockonee River - St. Marks River Watersheds - Florida DEP
- Florida State University
- National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
- Florida A&M University
- Tallahassee, Florida - City-Data.com
- Tallahassee, FL - Yahoo!Map Map